Urban Containment: The Social and Economic Consequences of Limiting Housing and Travel Options

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Responding to a growing interest in curtailing carbon emissions, some cities are limiting their urban footprint-a practice called "urban containment." Urban containment policy seeks to control "urban sprawl" and to reduce GHG emissions by densifying urban areas and substituting transit, cycling and walking for car and other light duty vehicle use. This study evaluates four urban containment reports-by the U.S. Department of Energy, the Transportation Research Board (Driving and the Built Environment), the Urban Land Institute (Moving Cooler) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency-to determine their cost-effectiveness in reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and their impact on household affluence and the poverty rate.

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