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To Equate Suncoast School for Innovative Studies’s Recent Decline With its Charter Status Would be Unfair

Despite a charter school coming in at a D rating, the Florida grading system is doing what it's supposed to do- keeping the education system accountable and pushing schools to be their best.

The new Florida Department of Education grades for schools are out, and once again Sarasota County schools earned an A grade and one of the highest grades among counties statewide.

Keep in mind that the state’s schools are graded on a curve, to facilitate comparisons, and Florida recently toughened up its standards. A school only needs 62 percent of the possible points it could score to get an A. Only three schools in Sarasota County even got 80 percent of the possible points — Southside Elementary with an 80 percent, Lakeview Elementary with an 81 percent and, of course, Pine View got a 93 percent. Out of the 50 schools in the county, 27 received As, 15 Bs, 7 Cs and one a D.

That said, the scores do seem to capture how well schools are doing compared to one another. The D grade was a charter school— — and that provokes some thinking about the role of charter schools in Sarasota.

Charter schools are permitted more autonomy in exchange for delivering better student achievement for fewer taxpayer dollars. SSIS is a Title 1 school, which means it serves a high percentage of low income and academically struggling kids. The school’s scores show pretty low performance overall, particularly in math and science.

The Sarasota County School Board was quick to point this out at a recent meeting, asking why SSIS’s scores were so low. Board member Eric Robinson specifically asked why SSIS did so much more poorly than Emma E. Booker Elementary, a conventional public school that is also Title 1 and has similar students, which got a B grade from the state this year. And these questions were covered in the local news.

This kind of accountability is good and what these grades should lead to. Poor performance has to be questioned and changes made. SSIS is required to submit to the school board a plan for how it will fix things and improve performance and is expected to have that plan this month.

If all schools were charter schools, it would be much easier to hold them accountable for poor scores, as the school board is now doing with SSIS. For example, in 2015 Emma E. Booker Elementary received a D grade. I searched the archives and can find no media coverage of questions being asked of them. Indeed, Emma E. Booker Elementary has never had an A grade from the state and has never faced the scrutiny SSIS is now under. SSIS, while a receiving a D this year and a C the two years before, is clearly struggling right now, but through 2012 received many two As and three Bs from the state.

Clearly, even conventional schools fail at achievement, so to equate SSIS’s recent decline with its charter status would be unfair. Indeed, as a national movement and within Florida, charter schools are a huge success.

By tying their very funding and existence to achievement metrics, charter schools — a more business-type approach to education — are pushed to improve in a way that public schools are often not.

The experiences of Arizona and Ohio show the consequences of a lack of charter school oversight and accountability, but other states tell a different tale, showing charters as a huge success overall. In Boston, New York and Washington, D.C., a typical charter school student outscores a demographically similar kid in a conventional public school in reading and math by several months of learning (a measurement used in education analysis). New Orleans’s students, nearly 95 percent of whom are in charter schools, are among the fastest improving in the nation, with test scores, graduation rates and college acceptance rates skyrocketing. This is especially true for black students who now outperform their peers in English and math. In 2004, before the conversion to charter schools, 28 percent of black students scored proficient on state tests. By 2014, a few years after converting to charters, 59 percent did.

So let’s give charter schools the credit they deserve for helping students. Let’s take pride in the good performing schools in Sarasota County and applaud the school board for expecting SSIS to improve. This is how it should be — all about accountability and performance.

This column first appeared in the Sarasota Observer.

Adrian Moore

Adrian Moore, Ph.D., is vice president of policy at Reason Foundation, a non-profit think tank advancing free minds and free markets. Moore leads Reason's policy implementation efforts and conducts his own research on topics such as privatization, government and regulatory reform, air quality, transportation and urban growth, prisons and utilities.

Moore, who has testified before Congress on several occasions, regularly advises federal, state and local officials on ways to streamline government and reduce costs.

In 2008 and 2009, Moore served on Congress' National Surface Transportation Infrastructure Financing Commission. The commission offered "specific recommendations for increasing investment in transportation infrastructure while at the same time moving the Federal Government away from reliance on motor fuel taxes toward more direct fees charged to transportation infrastructure users." Since 2009 he has served on California's Public Infrastructure Advisory Commission.

Mr. Moore is co-author of the book Mobility First: A New Vision for Transportation in a Globally Competitive 21st Century (Rowman & Littlefield, 2008). Texas Gov. Rick Perry said, "Speaking from our experiences in Texas, Sam Staley and Adrian Moore get it right in Mobility First." World Bank urban planner Alain Bartaud called it "a must read for urban managers of large cities in the United States and around the world."

Moore is also co-author of Curb Rights: A Foundation for Free Enterprise in Urban Transit, published in 1997 by the Brookings Institution Press, as well as dozens of policy studies. His work has been published in the Wall Street Journal, Los Angeles Times, Boston Globe, Houston Chronicle, Atlanta Journal-Constitution, Orange County Register, as well as in, Public Policy and Management, Transportation Research Part A, Urban Affairs Review, Economic Affairs, and numerous other publications.

In 2002, Moore was awarded a World Outsourcing Achievement Award by PricewaterhouseCoopers and Michael F. Corbett & Associates Ltd. for his work showing governments how to use public-private partnerships and the private sector to save taxpayer money and improve the efficiency of their agencies.

Prior to joining Reason, Moore served 10 years in the Army on active duty and reserves. As an noncommissioned officer he was accepted to Officers Candidate School and commissioned as an Infantry officer. He served in posts in the United States and Germany and left the military as a Captain after commanding a Heavy Material Supply company.

Mr. Moore earned a Ph.D. in Economics from the University of California, Irvine. He holds a Master's in Economics from the University of California, Irvine and a Master's in History from California State University, Chico.