Policy Study

Virginia Spending and Budget Reform


The Thomas Jefferson Institute for Public Policy has, since its first study was released in 1997, focused much of its attention on making state government more efficient, more accountable, more transparent and more business-like in the way it manages programs and activities.

These past studies have brought important concepts and specific suggestions to the table for public debate and discussion. Over that period of time, the Jefferson Institute has become a well-respected addition to the public policy debate here in Virginia without a partisan ax to grind.

This new study, “Virginia Spending and Budget Reform,” is written by Geoffrey Segal, Senior Fellow on Government Reform for the Thomas Jefferson Institute. Mr. Segal is a wellrespected and nationally recognized leader in the field of government reform.

Mr. Segal’s most recent study clearly shows how quickly Virginia’s state budget has grown over the past ten years and outlines several ideas for legislative and executive action that can be taken to better manage this spending. Without the management tools and actions outlined by Mr. Segal is this study, Virginia will face the need for another tax increase in only a few short years.

This study is an important addition to the management tools necessary for those who want to truly “get a handle” on state spending and do it in a way that is logical and reasonable. Mr. Segal outlines important pieces for a road map to be followed by our elected leaders and supported by business leaders who want to help craft a better running state government.

This study is presented in an effort to bring good, solid and reasonable ideas to the table of public discussion. The views presented here are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the Thomas Jefferson Institute or its Board of Directors. Nothing in this report is meant to influence pending legislation.


Geoffrey Segal is the director of privatization and government reform at Reason Foundation, a nonprofit think tank advancing free minds and free markets. He is also editor of Reason's Privatization Watch.

Segal recently served as an advisor to Florida Gov. Jeb Bush's Center for Efficient Government. In addition, his counsel has recently been sought out by Gov. Mark Sanford and Indiana Gov. Mitch Daniels, where he is working with the Government Efficiency and Financial Planning group inside the Office of Management and Budget. Segal is also an advisor to the Cost Cutting Caucus in the Virginia House of Delegates.

Segal is a highly skilled policy analyst with a strong, diversified background in policy research and project analysis focusing on public-private partnerships, competition, government efficiency, government spending and waste, transparency, accountability, and government performance.

Segal has worked closely with legislators in California, New York, Florida, Indiana, Virginia, Pennsylvania, Georgia, Illinois, Oregon, Kentucky, Ohio, Washington D.C., Colorado, Minnesota, Maryland, Maine, North and South Carolina, Hawaii, Arizona, and Texas in efforts to reduce government spending, improve government performance, and enhance accountability in government programs.

Segal has testified to the United States Senate and numerous state legislatures and agencies. He has written dozens of articles for leading publications including Investor's Business Daily, Atlanta Journal-Constitution, Indianapolis Star, Orange County Register, Los Angeles Daily News, and New York Sun. Segal is also a contributing editor to Budget & Tax News. A frequent guest on television and radio, he has appeared on Fox News Channel's "Your World with Neil Cavuto" as well as CNBC's "Closing Bell w/Maria Bartiromo" and "Power Lunch."

Segal earned a B.A. in Political Science at Arizona State University and a Master of Public Policy from Pepperdine University.